HAPPY BIRTHDAY MY COUNTRY #INDONESIA65


Indonesia History


1919-05-01 - Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
1926-11-13 - Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam West Java
1927-07-04 - Ir Sukarno forms PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia
1928-10-28 - Indonesian child laws enfoced in Bahasa Indonesia
1934-03-31 - Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
1944-02-29 - 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
1944-05-27 - Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
1944-09-14 - 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
1945-04-01 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945-08-17 - Indonesia (Dutch E Indies) declares independence from Netherlands
1945-08-17 - Indonesian Declaration of Independence.
1945-10-05 - Indonesian army forms
1945-11-10 - Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
1946-06-08 - Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia
1946-10-14 - Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire
1946-10-24 - Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
1947-07-21 - Indonesia begins 1st political election
1947-08-05 - Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
1948-01-17 - Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1948-03-09 - Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
1948-12-18 - Indonesia begins it's 2nd political election
1948-12-20 - Second Chamber accept 2nd Police Action in Indonesia
1949-01-28 - UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
1949-03-01 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
1949-08-03 - Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
1949-11-02 - Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state
1949-12-09 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Indonesian sovereignty
1949-12-16 - Sukarno becomes president Indonesia, Mokammed Hatta premier
1949-12-21 - Dutch 1st Chamber accept soeveregnty of Indonesia
1949-12-27 - Queen Juliana (Netherlands) grants sovereignty to Indonesia
1949-12-27 - United States of Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands
1949-12-31 - 18 countries recognize Republic Indonesia
1950-06-20 - Dutch Air Force base Tjililitan given to Indonesia
1950-07-17 - Indonesian troops land on Buru, South-Molukka
1950-08-15 - Pres Sukarno proclaims unity of Indonesia
1950-08-17 - Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands
1950-09-28 - Indonesia becomes 60th member of UN
1950-10-03 - Indonesian army opens assault on Ambon, South Moluccas
1950-10-25 - Sukarno appointed president of Republic Indonesia
1950-11-04 - Indonesian troops reconquer Ambonese capital Ambon
1951-03-20 - Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
1952-02-26 - Neth-Indonesian Unity conference
1953-09-22 - Islamic uprising in Atjeh at Indonesia
1954-08-10 - Neth Indonesian Union breaks up
1954-10-21 - Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea
1955-07-24 - Ali Sastroamidjojo of Govt resigns in Indonesia
1955-08-11 - Indonesia govt of Harahap forms
1955-09-29 - Ali Sastroamidjojo's PNI wins elections in Indonesia
1956-02-14 - Indonesia withdraws from Neth Indonesian Union
1956-03-03 - Indonesian govt of Harahap resigns
1956-08-04 - Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
1956-12-01 - Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta, resigns
1957-03-14 - Indonesian govt of Sastroamidjojo resigns
1957-11-30 - Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, kills 8
1957-12-05 - Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.
1957-12-06 - Indonesia begins nationalizing Dutch possessions
1957-12-21 - Indonesia proclaims end to state of war
1958-02-22 - Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra/Menado, Celebes
1958-03-13 - Govt troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
1958-04-18 - Govt troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
1958-05-21 - Indonesian paratroopers reconquers Morotai Island
1958-06-16 - Govt troops land on North-Celebes Indonesia
1958-12-03 - Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
1959-07-05 - Indonesia restores constitution
1960-02-26 - Soviet premier Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia
1960-03-06 - President Sukarno disbands Indonesia's parliament
1960-08-17 - Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
1961-12-19 - Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization
1962-01-07 - Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, fails
1962-01-15 - Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
1962-02-24 - General mobilization in Indonesia over New-Guinea
1962-03-12 - Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia
1962-05-19 - Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea
1962-07-13 - 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New-Guinea
1962-07-15 - Neth & Indonesia accord over New-Guinea
1962-08-15 - Netherlands & Indonesia signs accord about New Guinea
1962-11-28 - Telegraph between Netherlands & Indonesia restored
1963-03-13 - Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations
1963-05-01 - Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Neth
1963-05-20 - Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia
1964-08-02 - Dutch government gives Indonesia export guarantees
1964-08-25 - Singapore limits imports from Neth due to Indonesian aggression
1964-09-02 - Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
1964-12-31 - Indonesia proclaims expelled from the UN
1965-03-11 - Indonesia President Sukarno accepts qualifications of Suharto
1965-03-19 - Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
1965-10-01 - Failed coup under lt col Untung in Indonesia
1965-10-20 - Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
1966-02-21 - Indonesia's president Sukarno fires General Nasution
1966-03-11 - Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out
1966-03-18 - General Suharto forms government in Indonesia
1967-03-12 - Indonesian congress deprives president Sukarno of authority
1967-08-08 - Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore & Thailand meet to form Assn of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
1967-12-03 - Ex-president Sukarno under house arrest in Indonesia
1968-03-27 - Suharto succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia
1970-08-31 - Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar
1970-09-03 - Indonesian president Suharto visits Netherlands
1971-08-26 - Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
1975-09-19 - Indonesia sends troops to Portuguese East Timor
1975-12-04 - 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead
1975-12-07 - Indonesian army occupies East Timor
1976-06-02 - East-Timor People's Assembly accepts annexation through Indonesia
1976-06-17 - Indonesia annexes Portuguese East-Timor
1976-07-17 - Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor
1979-09-12 - Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
1988-04-15 - Meteorite explode above Indonesia
1991-11-12 - Indonesian army shoots on funeral possession: 270-520 die
1991-11-12 - Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
1994-06-02 - Indonesian censors ban Steven Spielberg's "Schindler's List"
1997-07-13 - Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77
1998-05-13 - Race riots break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesian of Chinese descendants are looted and women raped.
1998-05-21 - Suharto, the Indonesian dictator who had ruled for 32 years, resigns.
1999-09-12 - Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
2001-01-29 - Thousands of student protesters in Indonesia storm parliament and demand that President Abdurrahman Wahid resign due to alleged involvement in corruption scandals.
2001-10-19 - SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
2002-05-20 - The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).
2003-08-05 - A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.
2004-07-05 - First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.
2004-11-30 - Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26.
2004-12-26 - A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.
2005-03-28 - The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
2005-08-18 - Massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
2005-09-05 - Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashes into a heavily-populated residential of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 104 people on board and at least 39 persons on ground.
2007-01-01 - Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board.
2009-03-27 - Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.



Famous Birthdays


1871-04-25 - Sara Amsel, Indonesian/Dutch actress
1879-04-21 - Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
1886-07-05 - Willem Drees, PM of Netherland (PvdA, 1948-58)/Indonesia (AOW)
1888-06-05 - Raden Mas Nato Suroto, Indonesia, poet (Melatiknoppen)
1888-07-18 - Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
1888-07-30 - Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter
1892-02-09 - Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
1894-10-14 - Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
1901-06-06 - Achmed Sukarno, Java, PM of Indonesia (1945-67)
1903-05-21 - Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier (1953..7)
1905-02-11 - Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Neth/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
1905-11-14 - Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian author
1907-01-17 - Henk H Badings, Bandung Indonesia, Dutch opera composer (Orestes)
1908-02-11 - Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
1908-05-16 - Mohammed Roem, Indonesian foreign minister (Linggadjati)
1908-08-18 - Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu)
1909-03-05 - Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47)
1911-02-28 - Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Njanji Sunji)
1911-07-10 - Djuanda Kartawidjaja, premier of Indonesia
1912-04-20 - Soewarsil Djojopoespito, Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line)
1912-05-28 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian scientist and politician (d. 1992)
1915-04-25 - A J A Quintus Bosz, Indonesian/Suriname lawyer
1917-11-20 - Pam Henningen, [Cornelia CP Ingenegeren], Indonesian/Dutch dancer
1918-12-03 - Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
1919-03-07 - Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Djakarta)
1921-06-08 - Suharto, general/president Indonesia (1967- )
1923-07-30 - Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist/leader of PKI (1951-65)
1924-08-23 - Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of President Suharto of Indonesia
1935-11-07 - Willibrordus S Rendra, Indonesia, poet (Ballad orang-orang tertjina)
1936-06-25 - Jusuf Habibie, President of Indonesia
1938-01-31 - Ajip Rosidi, Indonesian poet/writer (Madjalah Sunda, Pesta)
1938-08-17 - Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
1940-02-15 - Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician
1940-08-04 - Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia
1941-06-21 - Pia J Barendrecht, Indonesian/Dutch actress (Pinokkio)
1941-07-18 - Jack Jersey, [de Nijs], Indonesian/Dutch singer/producer
1942-06-15 - Xaveria Hollander, [DeVries], Surabaya Indonesia, auth (Happy Hooker)
1943-04-15 - Riem de Wolff, Indonesian/Dutch singer/guitarist (Blue Diamonds)
1944-04-26 - Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
1947-01-23 - Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia
1947-04-04 - Wiranto, Indonesian general
1948-07-09 - Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
1948-08-18 - Rudy Hartono Kurniawan, Indonesia, All-England tennis champ
1949-09-09 - Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian politician
1952-07-31 - Pritawi Sudarmo, Indonesia, astronaut
1954-04-21 - Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
1955-07-21 - Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer
1957-08-19 - Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
1961-03-23 - Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster
1968-02-10 - Atika Suri, Indonesian television newscaster
1970-11-30 - Yayuk Basuki, Yogyakarta Indonesia, tennis star (1996 Hobart doubles)
1974-04-29 - Anggun, Indonesian singer
1975-03-24 - Krisdayanti, Indonesian singer, actress and diva
1975-11-28 - Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
1975-12-01 - Alya Rohali, Miss Universe-Indonesia (1996)
1980-04-27 - Ananda Mikola, Indonesian racing driver
1981-02-04 - Tom Mastny, Indonesian baseball player
1981-08-10 - Taufik Hidayat, Indonesian Badminton Player
1981-09-21 - Meilinda Soerjoko, Indonesian-Australian actress
1983-05-29 - Rama Claproth, Indonesian blues guitarist
1984-05-08 - Nadine Chandrawinata, 2006 Miss Universe Pageant (Indonesia)



Famous Deaths


1904-09-13 - Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (b. 1879)
1938-05-30 - Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, dies at 49
1944-01-04 - Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
1946-03-19 - Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), dies at 35
1951-11-25 - Raden Mas Noto Suroto, Indonesian poet (Wayang Songs), dies at 63
1959-06-17 - Abdul Mouse, Indonesian nationalist foreman/author, dies at about 68
1963-11-06 - Djuanda Kartawidjaja, premier (Indonesia), dies at 52
1965-10-22 - Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian leader (PKI 1951-65), murdered at 42
1966-04-09 - Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47), dies at 57
1968-01-02 - Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian writer, dies
1970-01-16 - Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
1970-06-21 - Achmed Sukarno, 1st president of Indonesia (1945-67), dies at 68
1972-02-15 - Jef [Josephus CF] Last, Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
1975-03-13 - Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
1980-03-14 - Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
1984-12-05 - Adam Malik, Third Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1917)
1985-05-14 - Mohammed Munir, Indonesian worker's union leader, executed
1989-06-28 - Joris Ivens, director (Indonesia), dies at 90
1992-08-14 - Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter, dies at 104
1992-10-17 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (b. 1912)
1993-06-17 - French of Nouhuys, civil servant in Indonesia, dies at 88
1993-07-29 - AJA Quintus Bosz, Indonesian/Suriname lawyer, dies at 78
1993-11-04 - Basuki Abdullah, Indonesian painter, murdered at 78
1994-02-04 - Justinus Darmojuwono, Indonesian archbishop/cardinal, dies at 79
1996-04-29 - Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of Pres Suharto of Indonesia, dies at 72
1998-04-07 - Broery Marantika, Indonesian singer
2003-03-21 - Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1924)
2006-04-30 - Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesian novelist
2008-01-27 - Suharto, President of Indonesia (b. 1921)
2009-12-30 - Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia (b.1940)


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